This essay has introduced an interesting updated review to make known those strategies of the psychological field that work best to effectively deal with CLBP.

First of all, you should start with proper medical assessment in order to rule out possible red flags or organic diseases.

Once this is done, an assessment can be made on psychological risk factors of psychosocial origin such as a fear avoidance behaviour, catastrophism, low spirits, expectation of passive treatment and negative beliefs about pain. These risk factors are commonly referred to as yellow flags.

Something interesting to bear in mind is the psychotherapeutic approach, regarding the doctor’s attitude towards his patient and the relationship between the two, there is evidence confirming that the placebo effect can alleviate the patient’s situation through a good relationship between the two.

Another key factor is talking to the patient about the importance of their peace of mind to eliminate fears or concerns that may worsen their situation.

About Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, we should note that its use has spread very broadly in chronic lumbar pain treatments, and has been recognized as a second generation behavioral therapy.

Other therapies to consider are Mindfulness and the acceptance and engagement therapies, which is considered a third generation behavioral therapy.

Self-management promotion therapies have also been successful, for example.

However, it is important that the professional have sufficient up-to-date knowledge regarding biomedicine and the best psychotherapeutic treatments to provide the best service to the patient with chronic lower back pain.